Indotyphlops braminus

Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus
Brahminy Blind Snake found under log in Phra Khanong

Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus head and eyes shot
Head shot showing tiny eyes and mouth

Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus tail tip
Tail shot showing sharp tail tip

Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus head shot
Brahminy Blind Snake in Phra Phadaeng Province

Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus among ants
Brahminy Blind Snake found under board in Phra Phadaeng Province

Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus found dead
Brahminy Blind Snake found dead in alley in Phra Khanong

Brahminy Blind Snake found under rock in Sukhothai Province

Brahminy Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus) in shed
Brahminy Blind Snake found under wood in Chatuchak, ready to shed

Brahminy Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus) juvenile
Juvenile Brahminy Blind Snake found under rock in Lumpani

Ant larvae regurgitated by Brahminy Blind Snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus)
Ant larvae regurgitated by the juvenile Brahminy Blind Snake

English name: Brahminy Blind Snake (aka “Common Blind Snake”, “Flowerpot Snake”)
Scientific name: Indotyphlops braminus (formerly Ramphotyphlops braminus)
Thai name: Ngu-din Ban

Description: Up to 19cm long. Looks like a worm but with eyes, a flicking tongue, and small shiny scales. The mouth and eyes are so small they can be difficult to see. Slender with body length 30-45 times the body diameter. Tail comes to a point at the very end. Color is grayish-brown to almost black on top and slightly lighter below, sometimes with a lighter snout.

Similar Species: White-headed Blind Snake is more slender and has a pale head going well back of the eyes.
Slender Worm Snake is usually longer and more slender. A scale count may be necessary to tell them apart.
Flower’s Blind Snake has a yellow-cream snout and a blunt tail tip.
Roxane’s Blind Snake is larger and has a yellow snout and cloaca.
Diard’s Blind Snake is much larger with a robust body.

Blind snake species are difficult to distinguish from each other and sometimes can only be identified by specific arraignments of their tiny scales. These identifying markers can be found in this key to the blind snakes in Thailand.

Habitat: The Brahminy Blind Snake spends its life underground, living anywhere with loose humid soil. It can be found under rocks and logs in parks, within discarded trash or buried in home gardens. On rare occasions it may be found on the surface after heavy rains. It is attracted to ant and termite nests, where it feeds off of the eggs and larvae.

Place in the ecosystem: This snake helps control termite and ant populations by eating their eggs and larvae. One juvenile Brahminy Blind Snake caught in Lumpani immediately regurgitated 17 ant larvae. It is eaten by larger fossorial snakes and other animals.

Danger to humans: Blind snakes are harmless – they have no venom and their mouths are too small to bite a human. When uncovered or picked up they tend to respond by wiggling vigorously, emitting a small amount of smelly musk. They also may attempt to stab the disturber with their sharp tail tip.

Conservation status and threats: Since these snakes are so small and live hidden in soil, they often are unintentionally introduced to new regions via plant and agricultural supplies. With an abundant food source, simple habitat requirements, and the ability to reproduce without males, the Brahminy Blind Snake has spread out across the world. It is now found not only in its native range in Southeast Asia but also in the Middle East, Africa, Australia, North and South America, and on islands in the Pacific. This can potentially threaten native blind snakes that are out-competed for resources. When moving natural things like plants to a different location, it is important to avoid relocating any animals.

Interesting facts: The females of this species are the only snakes in the world that can reproduce without a male (parthenogenesis). No male Brahminy Blind Snake has ever been found. The females lay up to seven tiny eggs at a time, each averaging only 4mm by 13mm.

References:
Snakes of Taiwan: Ramphotyphlops braminus
Reptiles of Hong Kong: Ramphotyphlops braminus
Wikipedia: Ramphotyphlops braminus
Typhlops roxaneae, a new species of Thai blindsnake from the T. diardii species group, with a synopsis of the Typhlopidae of Thailand
A Field Guide to the Reptiles of South-East Asia
A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand