Reptiles and Amphibians of Thailand

Thailand's Snakes, Lizards, Turtles, and Frogs

Identifying False Cobras in Thailand

Though False Cobras (and their close relatives the Mountain Snakes) can rise up and spread their neck like a cobra, most of the time they just look like regular stout snakes moving along the forest floor.

Chinese False Cobra
chinese false cobra Big-eyed Bamboo Snake large-eyed Pseudoxenodon macrops china
qin_huang / CC BY-NC

Markings indistinct and can blend into background color. Dark belly markings only on front half of belly. Eyes large, nose blunt, tail moderately long. 17 midbody scale rows.

Bamboo False Cobra
bamboo false cobra Bamboo Snake Pseudoxenodon bambusicola hong kong
© Adam Francis

Distinct dark eyestripe, hollow arrowhead on back of neck, and dark bands. Nose blunt, tail moderately long. 17 midbody scale rows.

Assam Mountain Snake
Assam Mountain Snake Burmese Arrowhead Snake Plagiopholis nuchalis thailand
© Sjon Hauser

Distinct black chevron mark on back of neck. Dark markings on entire belly. Nose moderately flattened, tail short. Has a loreal shield, 2 posterior temporals, and 6 supralabials. 15 midbody scale rows.

Blakeway’s Mountain Snake
Blakeway's Mountain Snake Blotch-necked Plagiopholis blakewayi yunnan china
© Yoshitaka Tahara

Rarely has black mark on neck. Dark, sometimes faint markings on entire belly. Nose moderately flattened, tail short. Has no loreal shield, 0-1 posterior temporals, and 5 supralabials. 15 midbody scale rows.

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