This species is found in Thailand, but not within Bangkok itself
English name: Bamboo False Cobra (aka: “Common Bamboo Snake”)
Scientific name: Pseudoxenodon bambusicola
Thai name: งูแบมบ้า (Ngoo Baem-bâa)
Description: A stout snake that can spread its neck into a hood as a defensive display. Color is extremely variable, often gray but also reddish-orange, yellow, or greenish-yellow. Characteristic black eyestripes connect at the front of the face, and there is also a hollow black arrowhead-like marking on top of the neck that becomes a circle when the hood is spread. Regular black-tinted brown bands which do not connect across are along the body. The back end has has a pair of lighter dorsal stripes on top. Belly is cream with significant black blotching. Eyes are notably large.
Relevant scale counts: 17 midbody scales. Scales are heavily keeled.
Similar Species: Chinese False Cobra lacks the black eyestripe, has a less distinct or missing neck blotch, and has only indistinct black banding if at all.
Range: South China, north Vietnam, Laos, and Nan Province in Thailand (only recently discovered there in 2018).
Habitat: Forest, often bamboo forest, usually near streams or other water bodies. From 300m to 1500m elevation.
Place in the ecosystem: Feeds on frogs and possibly lizards. Would be eaten by larger snakes, civets, and birds of prey.
Danger to humans: Is a rear-fanged snake but any potential danger to humans is unknown. When threatened it will rear up in a display shockingly similar to that of a cobra.
Conservation status and threats: It is a widespread species and no threats are known.
Interesting facts: Common names such as “False Cobra” or “Mock Cobra” refer to the manner in which this snake will rear up and spread the skin on its neck like a hood when threatened. It is not know whether the behavior and capability developed due to its similarity to a cobra’s behavior or if it is effective defense in its own right due to how it makes the snake appear larger and more threatening.