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Copperhead Racer

01 May

Coelognathus radiatus

Coelognathus radiatus_Daniel Rosenberg Hong Kong

Copperhead Racer in Hong Kong (photo courtesy of Daniel Rosenberg)

Copperhead Racer India

Copperhead Racer found in India (photo courtesy of Pranoy Kishore)

Radiated Rat Snake Vietnam Eduard Galoyan

Copperhead Racer in Vietnam (photo courtesy of Eduard Galoyan)

copperhead racer Coelognathus radiata

Copperhead Racer at the Queen Saovabha Snake Farm

Krabi_King_Cobra_Show_7 Copperhead Racer Randy Ciuros

Copperhead Racer at a Krabi snake show (photo courtesy of Randy Ciuros)

Copperhead Rat Snake (Coelognathus radiatus)

Copperhead Racer in Vietnam (photo courtesy of Scott Trageser) http://www.naturestills.com

Copperheaded Racer Coelognathus radiata striking position

Copperhead Racer in striking position in Khao Phra Thaew (photo courtesy of http://khaophrathaew.org/)

Copperheaded Racer Coelognathus radiata head shot

Copperhead Racer head shot showing expanded neck (photo courtesy of http://khaophrathaew.org/)

Copperhead Racer Coelognathus radiatus playing dead

Copperhead Racer playing dead in Hong Kong (photo courtesy of Kevin Caldwell)

Copperhead Racer 3-9-11 near Oh Nut BTS (3)

Juvenile Copperhead Racer found in office in Phra Khanong

English name: Copperhead Racer (aka “Radiated Rat Snake”)
Scientific name: Coelognathus radiatus (formerly Elaphe radiata)
Thai name: Ngu Tang-ma-prao Lai Keet

Description: To 230 cm long. One of the larger snakes in Bangkok. Body light brown in the front, fading to a yellowish or orangish tan toward the back of the body. Two prominent black stripes run down the first half of each side of the body. Three black lines radiate back from the eye, two slanting downwards and the other running up until it hits a black collar at the back of the head.

Similar Species: Asian Rat Snakes (Ptyas korros and Ptyas mucosus) lack the black stripes on the front half of the body and the unique markings on the head.
Painted Bronzeback has a yellow-to-cream stripe on its body and lacks the markings on the head.
Monocled Cobra lacks the striping on the front half o the body and lacks the markings around the eye.

Habitat: Prefers open grassland and shrubland, but is also found in forests and agricultural habitats. Can be found in urban areas, even where there is only a small pocket of natural habitat. I found a juvenile in a dentist’s office with only an overgrown lot nearby.

Contribution to the ecosystem: The Copperhead Racer feeds on rats and mice and helps to control Bangkok’s rodent populations. It also eats birds, lizards, and frogs. Juveniles of the species provide food for larger snakes and birds of prey.

Danger to humans: This snake is aggressive when threatened and is large enough to inflict some damage with its bite. A recent study has found that it produces some venom, quite similar to the venom of cobras. However, it only produces a small amount of venom and does not have venom-injecting fangs, so effects in humans are limited to redness and mild swelling at worst.

Conservation status and threats: In Thailand this snake is common with no known conservation issues, but it is listed as Endangered on the China Red List.

Interesting facts: The Copperhead Racer is a very fast snake that will first try to flee when threatened, but when cornered will lift the first third of its body off the ground, curl its neck and body into an “S” shape, expand its neck vertically and strike aggressively with its mouth open. If that fails, it will sometimes proceeds to play dead as a last resort.

References:
Siam-Info: Coelognathus
Nature Malaysia: Copperhead Racer
University of Hong Kong: Coelognathus radiatus
Isolation of a neurotoxin (alpha-colubritoxin) from a nonvenomous colubrid
Thailand Office of Environmental Planning and Policy: A Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Thailand
A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand
A Field Guide to the Snakes of South Vietnam

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6 responses to “Copperhead Racer

  1. Colin

    October 20, 2011 at 10:17 pm

    I may be wrong, and I am looking into it, contacting as many experts as I can..but at least some sources claim this species has a mild venom.
    I cannot confirm this, other than that the number of times I have been bitten by this species, I always experience swelling, where with Ptyas mucosa or korros, I do not show any swelling.

    You may want to check the different sources, I would love a definitive answer.

     
    • Jonathan Hakim

      October 21, 2011 at 1:44 am

      Thank you very much for that correction. Bryan Fry says that he has isolated venom from it, so I would certainly say that it indeed has venom. In fact, the venom is rather toxic, though the snake only produces it in very small amounts. His team published a paper on it in 2003, but the general literature I had used for this entry hadn’t mentioned the discovery. I will update the entry soon.

      I haven’t been bitten by this species before, so I haven’t noticed any such effects myself.

       
  2. tropiXblue (@tropixblue)

    December 11, 2011 at 8:48 pm

    Hi Jonathan, I encountered a Copperhead Racer 3 times (I think it was the same one) at Con Dao Island Vietnam. 1) slithering at the edge of a small stream near a rice field. 2) swallowing a smaller snake near bushes at the same stream 3) lying in the rice field 15 meters from the stream. The last time I photographed its head close up before it fled for the stream. As I chased and photographed it full length and tried pinning it down gently with a stick for closer look, it turned and lunged with its upper body lifted high and its neck widened like a vertical flap. It made off into the stream. About 180 cm long. Picture at twitpic http://twitpic.com/7rvl7u

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      December 12, 2011 at 3:29 am

      Very nice! It’s awesome to get to observe such a large snake in the wild, and I’ve personally never been lucky enough to see a snake swallowing another snake.

       
  3. gladwin

    January 26, 2013 at 1:59 pm

    caught one this morning at my house, maid found it under our washing machine over a meter long,very very quick snake

     
  4. KB

    August 6, 2013 at 2:02 pm

    I walk in the mornings and often see these snakes. Mostly they move away. However, today one turned and had a strike at me. I jumped onto the wall I was so scared. It then moved away and I followed it and then it went into a drain. I was scared as I didnt know what kind of snake it was but now I know after seeing your website – thanks

     

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