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Identifying Snakes

Snakes are the most feared animal in the city…but only a few can actually hurt humans, and even they prefer to avoid people. In fact, snakes are a beneficial part of Thailand’s ecosystem.  Many of Bangkok’s snakes feed on the city’s mice and rats, helping to control those rodent populations and reducing crop loss and the spread of disease.  Some of the smaller snakes eat insect larvae and help to control ant and termite populations in the city.  Other snakes keep fish, frog, and lizard populations in balance or provide food for birds of prey, wading birds, and other animals.

However, every year a number of people in Bangkok are bitten by dangerously venomous snakes. For information on what to do if you are bit by a potentially dangerous snake, go to the snakebite page.

If you saw a snake but are not sure what kind it is, take a look at the following grouped categories to narrow down the possibilities.  Click on the picture to see a larger version and click on the name to go to the species account.

Worm-like Snakes

Blind Snakes superficially appear similar to worms, though they can quickly be distinguished from worms by the fact that they don’t stretch and contract their bodies and have eyes, a tongue, and hard scales. Their small size makes them difficult to distinguish from each other, and so a scale count is often necessary to tell the different species apart.

White-headed Blind Snake – extremely slender, pale head
White-headed Blind Snake Ramphoayphlops albiceps

Brahminy Blind Snake – slender, relatively uniform coloration
Brahminy Blind Snake Ramphotyphlops braminus

Diard’s Blind Snake – robust for a blind snake, dark brown on top fades into paler underbelly
diard's blind snake typhlops diardi Rajib Rudra Tariang Assam India

Slender Worm Snake – More slender and often longer than Brahminy Blind Snake, may need to do scale counts
Slender Blind Snake Indotyphlops porrectus

Roxane’s Blind Snake – yellow on snout to chin and around anal, stout for blind snake with short tail

Flower’s Blind Snake – creamy yellow from snout to chin and around anal, no sharp tail spine

Green Snakes

Long-nosed Whip Snake – extremely slender, long, pointed nose
Long-nosed Whip Snake Ahaetulla nasuta head

Golden Tree Snake – black markings, long but not pointed head
Golden Tree Snake Chrysopelea ornata

White-lipped Tree Viper – broad triangular head, white or light green on lips, venomous and dangerous!
White-lipped Tree Viper Cryptelytrops albolabris

Large-eyed Tree Viper – stout triangular head, large eye, blue-green on lips, venomous and dangerous!
Big-eyed Pit Viper Trimeresurus macrops

Banded Snakes

Common Wolf Snake – white collar, very indistinct light bands

Common Bridle Snake – slender, vertically compressed body with white bands that reticulate near tail

Dryocalamus davisonii Common Bridle Snake Thailand

(photo courtesy of Alexandre Roux)

Banded Krait – triangular body, distinct dark and light bands of equal width, venomous and dangerous!
banded krait Bungarus fasciatus

Puff-faced Water Snake – thin light bands that fade in adulthood, broad head with dark “mask” on face
puff-faced water snake Homalopsis buccata

Red-tailed Pipe Snake – small dark head, reddish color under tail, narrow light bands that may be absent on upper body
Red-tailed Pipe Snake (Cylindrophis ruffus) dorsal view

Little File Snake – thick body with loose skin, rounded tail, in or near marine habitats
Jordan de Jong little file snake Acrochordus granulatus

Banded Kukri Snake – widely spaced dark blotches with small crossbars in-between
7783163348_1fd8c8d5ca_b Khao Yai Banded Kukri Snake Bernard DUPONT

Bocourt’s Water Snake – Thick body, primarily dark brown to black with narrow yellowish bands
adult Bocourt's Mud Snake Enhydris bocourti

Distinctly Blotched Snakes

Reticulated Python – Very large body with reticulated pattern of black, brown, and yellow
Reticulated Python Python reticulatus

Burmese Python – Very large body, brown blotches, arrow-like mark on top of head
Burmese Python Python bivittatus bivittatus Everglades Nick Scobel_files

Russell’s Viper – average body, stout head, venomous and dangerous!
Juvenile Russell's Viper Daboia russelii Taiwan

Many-spotted Cat Snake – slender body with brown blotches, average head, usually in trees
Large-spotted Cat Snake Boiga multomaculata

Distinctly Striped Snakes

Indo-Chinese Sand Snake – Alternating light and brown stripes
Indo-Chinese Sand Snake (Psammophis indochinensis) chiang mai thailand

Copperhead Racer – Black line on front half of body and lines radiating from eye
Coelognathus radiatus_Daniel Rosenberg Hong Kong

Painted Bronzeback – slender, light line on side with black line above it
Painted Bronzeback Common Bronzeback Dendrelaphis pictus in Sumutra

Striped Kukri Snake – light line on back, characteristic dark mask on head
Oligodon taeniatus Michael Cota Rangsit_files

Rainbow Water Snake – thick body, two yellow-to-red lines on back
Rainbow Water Snake enhydri enhydris lake sonhkla

Primarily Brown/Black Snakes

Monocled Cobra – Large head, characteristic “monocle” on back of neck, venomous and dangerous!
Naja kaouthia (Monocled Cobras) Randy Ciuros

Indo-Chinese Rat Snake – Large eye, no markings on adults
7801682640_00b2183a0a_b Bernard DUPONT

Oriental Rat Snake – Large eye, indistinct dark bands on back third of body
Kevin Messenger hong kong Ptyas mucosus

Yellow-spotted Keelback – large eye, black markings along side
Yellow-spotted Keelback Xenocropis flavipunctus

Tentacled Snake – flattened brownish body, head with two tentacle-like appendages
Tentacled Snake Erpton tentaculum Vietnam Alex Krohn 1

Jagor’s Water Snake – Small eyes, short thick body, small dark blotches on side
Jagor's Water Snake Enhydris jagorii

Chanard’s Mud Snake – Small eyes, short thick body, light line on side with small black dots above it
Exotarium Oberhof Enhydris chanardi Exotarium Oberhof

Yellow-bellied Water Snake – Small eyes, dark above, yellow-to-cream below
Yellow-bellied Water Snake Enhydris plumbea

Sunbeam Snake – No markings (except light collar on juveniles), iridescent scales
Sunbeam Snake Xenopeltis unicolor

Javan Wart Snake – Loose skin, granular scales, squared-off head, gray with dark blotching
Javan Wart Snake (Acrochordus javanicus)

If live snakes are a bit too much right now, take a break with a game of SNAKE.

 

70 responses to “Identifying Snakes

  1. Asia

    May 16, 2012 at 9:53 am

    I am in malaysia, and came across a small black worm like snake, that looked like the Brahminy Blind snake, as it was small, moved like a worm , but was all black and had a couple of yellow dot markings on its back, didnt seem to be any other markings or lighter on the belly. I have not seen any descriptions of snakes in malaysia that looked like that, but that snake is the closest to the Brahiminy blind snake, except for the yellow dot markings on its back, is this the same species or similar?

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      May 16, 2012 at 2:13 pm

      Brahminy Blind Snake would be my first guess. I don’t recall seeing a Brahminy Blind Snake with markings, but if the markings are small and there’s only a couple of them, they might just be incidental. I’m not sure what other kinds of blind snakes live in Malaysia.

       
  2. giatbusaba

    June 28, 2012 at 12:26 pm

    I live in Laos and have many snakes on my property. They are long and skinny and striped and have a yellow head. I assume it’s just a type of garter snake. Does this sound correct?

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      July 3, 2012 at 10:11 am

      Garter snakes are only found in North America. It sounds like what you are talking about may be a type of Bronzeback (there are several species in Laos that are not found in Bangkok).

       
  3. John evans

    November 25, 2012 at 9:20 pm

    Dearv sir
    Are there any snakes in Bangkok able to kill cats, as we have two cats disappear in the last few months
    Thanks
    John

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      November 30, 2012 at 11:41 pm

      An adult Reticulated Python would have no problem eating a cat. I think it would be unlikely that that’s the reason the two cats disappeared, but it’s possible.

       
      • stefan

        October 22, 2014 at 7:55 am

        About 5 years ago we had a large python (4.5m) removed from under our terrace. She had a large belly bulge and neighbor’s cat was missing.

         
      • Asian Herp Blogs

        October 22, 2014 at 1:28 pm

        That’s one of the largest ones I’ve heard of in the city. What part of Bangkok was it in? Were you able to get any photos?

         
      • John Evans

        October 27, 2014 at 6:45 am

        Dear SirPlease look at the photo attached, its taken in the back garden of my house, what kind of snake is it. This now we know where three of our cats have gone and countless others from the neighbourhood.Do you know of someone who can remove his snake?I live in Lad Prao Kha area RegardsJohn

         
      • Asian Herp Blogs

        October 27, 2014 at 1:59 pm

        I’m sorry John Evans – the photo didn’t upload.

        For snake catching, you can try calling Sompop Sridaranop at 089-0438455. The fire department also handles snake removal.

         
      • John Evans

        October 27, 2014 at 2:28 pm

        Sorry here it is John

         
      • Antoni Uni

        March 17, 2016 at 1:17 pm

        No doubt that a Python can, and shall, kill cats or other pets! I had one when I came home in the night praying on my dogs! In Bangkok one sees them even in crowded places. http://www.antoniuniphotography.com/p496806686/h20cd020#h20cd020

         
      • Antoni Uni

        August 18, 2016 at 10:17 am

        It’s very likely! I saw this Python in the city of Bangkok and he / she was eating something quit big! http://www.antoniuniphotography.com/p496806686/hd29f598#hd29f598

         
  4. Emma

    March 31, 2013 at 8:31 pm

    Hi, we spent a week on the island of Koh Kood Thailand. We found a snake in our room, the snake catcher of the hotel tried to catch it but escaped. I asked what it was but the Thai staff could only call it by its regional name which sounded like ‘Khao bang’ does anyone have any ideas what it was. It was smallish with brown markings, all the staff were wary of it so was definitely venomous.

     
  5. Unknown

    July 23, 2013 at 5:33 pm

    What snake is this in malaysia ? A black top and yellow bottom

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      July 24, 2013 at 1:31 pm

      “unknown”, I’m no expert on Malaysian snakes, but that sounds like a Yellow-bellied Water Snake. It is a very common species and is usually found near water.

       
      • Unknown

        July 24, 2013 at 6:03 pm

        But my housing area is like forest and the snake is black upper yellow at the bottom the eye is like a human eye white and round black pupil Is it venomous?

         
      • Asian Herp Blogs

        August 14, 2013 at 1:31 pm

        I’m not sure – like I said, I am not an expert on Malaysian snakes. You should take a look at http://www.ecologyasia.com/verts/snakes.htm, which has many Malaysian snakes on it, to see if you can find something that fits what you saw.

         
  6. Stuart Hutchinson

    August 25, 2013 at 5:45 pm

    I’m in Thailand with my wife at the moment and was playing golf at. Luke canyon country club’s lake course in Phuket. On the 4th hole I hit a shot into a bunker and when I got there I was confronted by a large dark brown snake. It was approx 2m long and was dark brown and what looked to be solid in colour. It moved quite fast tryi g to escape the bunker. I managed to get a photo of it when it took off in he opposite direction on e it seen me. Can to identify it? A local thinks it may have been a cobra! Is it possible?

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      August 26, 2013 at 6:50 pm

      If it was 2m long, it is probably not a cobra – they rarely get more than 1.5-1.6 meters long.

      My guess would be that it was most likely one of the rat snakes, either the Oriental Rat Snake or the Indo-Chinese Rat Snake. Those are both dark brown, move very quickly, and can reach 2.5m or longer.

       
  7. Stuart Hutchinson

    August 26, 2013 at 7:04 pm

    Thanks. I’ve since looked further into it and the closest resemblance I could see as an indo-Chinese rat snake.

     
  8. Sergey

    August 31, 2013 at 6:36 pm

    Hello, please help me identify a snake i met at Koh Samet island, Thailand.
    It was very black (ideally black), abt 1.5 meters long, tail was not round but flat (vertically, looked a little like crocodile’s tail). I nearly passed it by ATV thanks brakes were really good.

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      September 4, 2013 at 1:27 pm

      Is there any chance that what you saw was a Javan Wart Snake? They rarely come out of the water, but they are very large and have a tail like the one you describe.

      Otherwise I might think it was a rat snake (I’ve seen an Indo-Chinese Rat Snake on Koh Samet myself), but their tails are round.

       
    • jack

      December 25, 2013 at 3:52 pm

      Sea krait come out of the water to breed, check out the krait family

       
  9. Rick

    October 4, 2013 at 10:20 pm

    What species is this, from Bangkok, Thanks!

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      October 5, 2013 at 4:29 pm

      That looks like it’s probably a White-lipped Pit Viper. They are venomous, and can cause severe pain and some other effects, but are very rarely fatal.

       
  10. Siegfried Weinert

    November 14, 2013 at 10:23 pm

    Hi, on my travel to Hellfirepass I took a picture of a very thin snake with relativly big head. I would like to send you the pic. Could you send me a contact mail adress? Thank you. Siegfried

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      November 22, 2013 at 12:39 pm

      I was able to get a picture of Siegfried’s snake via email, and was able to identify as a Blue Bronzeback, Dendrelaphis cyanochloris, by using Ecology Asia and a few other sites.

       
  11. hans

    November 21, 2013 at 4:22 pm

    Hi can you identify this snake, found it in kanchanaburi

     
  12. Rob Hill

    December 3, 2013 at 7:10 am

    Black body yelow head in next door. S house. Whot is it please..

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      December 4, 2013 at 2:32 pm

      Please post a picture somewhere or take a look at the pictures in this guide or on the references page.

      It can be very difficult to identify snakes from limited descriptions.

       
  13. Rob Hill

    December 4, 2013 at 3:12 pm

    Hi im dorry my nabuagh dint take a photo thay put in a plastic bag and pyt it back in the forrest. Thank.s rob hill

     
  14. ari mexican

    March 2, 2014 at 2:14 pm

    .,???????? is Brahminy Ciegos Snake ?????????????????
    file:///C:/Users/As/Desktop/2014-03-02%2000.42.53.jpg
    file:///C:/Users/As/Desktop/2014-03-02%2000.41.08.jpg

     
  15. ari mexican

    March 2, 2014 at 2:26 pm

    It is black or almost black. this hurt, I found her in the yard is flat and the tail end as one smallish tip spine, his eyes are barely noticeable, also barely noticeable smallish language. I be sure it’s the Brahminy Blind Snake, I hope to be right and I hope that you can heal and be well = (=

    file:///C:/Users/As/Desktop/2014-03-02%2000.42.53.jpg
    file:///C:/Users/As/Desktop/2014-03-02%2000.41.08.jpg

     
  16. Albatz Gallery & Blog

    March 17, 2014 at 6:22 am

    Hi, I posted a video of what appear to be some kind of blind water snakes for sale near a temple in Bangkok. I was wondering what they were, and why anyone would buy them… http://albatz.wordpress.com/2014/03/14/wpc-whats-for-sale-inside-the-pail-thailand/

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      March 19, 2014 at 1:48 pm

      Those are actually eels inside that pail. And they eat them!

       
      • Albatz Gallery & Blog

        March 19, 2014 at 11:21 pm

        Thanks so much! My only experience of eels comes from Denmark where my aunt served them to me on a plate – I never saw them live. Dad only told us kids what they were after we ate them. They’re not bad tasting, only a bit too bony…

         
  17. kirsile

    April 29, 2014 at 12:20 pm

    Hi. Could you please help us identify a snake that was in our yard last night… We live in eastern Bangkok (Bangkhae) and haven’t seen any snakes in this area before (4 years in this house). We have 3 kids so as a mother I have been in a shock after an idea of a cobra in our yard?? You can find pics in here: http://perhelehtimaki.blogspot.com/2014/04/snake-in-our-garden.html
    Pics are not very good since it was dark and those are snapshots from a video my husband shoot…. What do you think? Could it be a baby cobra?

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      April 30, 2014 at 2:07 pm

      Like you say the photos aren’t perfect, but that certainly looks like a little cobra to me. If you are concerned then there are snake removal services you can call in Bangkok. The most important thing to stay safe is to not try to touch or kill the snake yourself – that’s one of the main ways that people end up getting bit.

       
  18. dadan hamdani

    May 8, 2014 at 8:07 am

    I found this snake at my house. is it venomous?

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      May 10, 2014 at 3:08 am

      Where are you? That doesn’t look like any venomous snake that I’m familiar with, but I shouldn’t say so for sure without a positive identification. Knowing where you are located would help.

       
  19. sharon

    July 1, 2014 at 10:49 am

    Hi saw a snake in my yard but was too slow to get a proper look at it this time to identify it but it was largish approx. 4 to 5 feet, brown looked solid color maybe bit lighter on bottom and its tail instead of going gently to a point it suddenly dipped in then went to point, like you had cut a smaller snakes tail off and put it on this bigger one, any idea from this if poisonous or not ??

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      July 2, 2014 at 12:26 am

      It sounds likely that that was a rat snake, but I couldn’t be certain from the description – there’s an outside chance that it could be a cobra. The easiest way to tell the difference is to get a good look at their heads.

       
      • sharon

        July 2, 2014 at 8:51 am

        I hope so but we have had a lot of Rat Snakes here and this wasn’t one of those. We did once have a cobra skin found under our pool pump 😦 I have been advised that with the tail I ( tried ) to describe it would probably be a viper of some kind. I always give snakes a wide berth and just let them leave but my main concern is that I don’t know a lot about the snakes here, are they territorial meaning will they hang around or move away. worried about my pets as the cats go every where and that’s the area the dog uses for a toilet

         
  20. Asheek

    September 17, 2014 at 1:55 pm

    What species is this …

     
  21. Antoni Uni

    October 28, 2014 at 12:06 pm

    Here are my photos from the snakes I “met” in Bangkok: http://www.antoniuniphotography.com/f517561297

     
  22. walkto80

    November 20, 2014 at 9:52 pm

    I saw a small, worm or snake-like, smooth skinned creature in Chiang Mai while hiking. Is it a snake or a worm? It is black with a tan head that looks like a hatchet. How can I post a picture?

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      November 21, 2014 at 2:10 pm

      That sounds like a kind of flatworm called a bipalium. They’re also known as “hammerhead worms” or “shovel-headed garden worms”. I see them myself from time to time on hikes, including one near the top of Chiang Mai. They’re quite a strange sight!

       
  23. dustin

    November 22, 2014 at 11:58 am

    i saw this snake swimming in Khu muang doem in bangkok. Just wondering if you knew what kind it was.

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      November 23, 2014 at 5:57 pm

      For some reason your facebook photo is “no longer available”.

       
  24. Joanne hall

    December 31, 2014 at 3:36 pm

    Last night had a very dark snake nearly black snake go round the back of the house. It was about 1.5-possibly 2m in length, about 2-3 inches wide and small head and thinish neck and a long tapering tail. Scared to go and look but from looking at the pictures and reading the description it could possibly be a rat snake or a (king? ) cobra. What is the main difference between the look of these two besides one is dangerous and the other no so. I live in Krabi next to a rubber plantation and a mountain.
    Thanks

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      December 31, 2014 at 9:05 pm

      You certainly shouldn’t touch the snake unless you know exactly what species it is. King Cobras are responsible for a low number of bites and even lower number of fatalities…but the #1 way to get bit by one would be to grab it.

      From your description of the “long tapering tail” and the “small head”, I would suspect that it’s most likely to be a rat snake. Rat snakes have somewhat smaller heads and longer tails than cobras. Also, rat snakes are far more common than king cobras. However, that’s just a guess – I wouldn’t be sure without seeing the snake’s head myself.

       
  25. Jens Schwarzer

    January 31, 2015 at 5:27 pm

    Hi and thanks for a very informative page.

    My fammily just returned from a Thailand trip where we visited the Koh Kut island. I wondered if snakes at all lived on these islands, but a motorcycle trip changed my mind.

    I stumbled upon this snake tail sticking out of a hole in the cliffs at the side of the road. The tail itself was long around 70cm. So i guess this is a rather large snake maybe 2 meters. The skin was grey without markings, and a lighter belly scale, clearly one single scale.

    There was a change of color in the middle of the tailpiece to a lighter shade of grey. Looking at various sites I start to think that this was a King Cobra. Is this true? We eventually left the place and came back an hour later. The snake was in the exact same place, so i guess it could be dead, and I took these pictures.

    Sorry about the poor quality of the images. But i did not dare to get any closer.
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1rxPWv0t_zvdVFWVmxhOVZ4UGc/view?usp=sharing
    https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1rxPWv0t_zvRWE4TE5oTE9pT00/view?usp=sharing

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      March 17, 2015 at 5:02 pm

      To my eye, it looks like it is indeed dead, and it could possibly be a King Cobra. I’m not experienced enough with the species to identify them from that piece of the body alone though.

       
  26. angiemcleod9

    April 25, 2015 at 4:57 am

    Hi there. Thank you so much for your page. I was in south central Vietnam and was swimming in Bung River, near Phong Nha. I saw this snake hunting in the river. It lifted its head up and I snapped this photo. The portion above the water looked to be about 40cms. I was up on the bank at the time, so the enlarged photo is not great quality. It seemed to be uniform brown color. Any idea what type of snake it might be? Thank you!
    https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B5p5kbD_NFZqdC0xNExWaXpTdXc/edit?usp=docslist_api

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      April 25, 2015 at 8:08 am

      Thats a neat observation, but I can’t tell the species from that photo.

       
      • angiemcleod9

        April 25, 2015 at 11:04 pm

        Whaaaat?? You mean you can’t ID a snake from a blurry photo taken from 200 yards away? 😉 thanks for having a look. I’m going to tell my friends it’s a cobra. Lol

         
  27. scott

    August 16, 2015 at 2:23 pm

    Hi, I am a snake handler from Tasmania, Australia. I am hoping to visit Thailand in the middle of 2016. I was hoping you may know some one i could get in contact with in regards to me tagging along on afew snake rescues.
    Kind regards

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      August 16, 2015 at 11:17 pm

      In retrospect I certainly wished I had made those connections! I also wanted to tag along on rescues. Unfortunately, with the business of my schedule and my lack of personal transportation, I never felt that I’d be able to make it, so I didn’t develop the necessary connections.

       
  28. Malcolm Nelmes

    August 30, 2015 at 8:58 am

    I was Cycling in Loei Province yesterday when a snake crossed the road in front of me, about
    10-00 am in bright sunlight. The snake was about 2 meter and about the thickness of a broom handle, it was olive green in color and had lighter markings all down its body. It seemed to be triangular, ie the body flat to the road and was zigzagging, half a meter then a bend in its body and so on. The area was flat with rice fields.

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      August 31, 2015 at 1:11 pm

      I would think a rat snake, most likely an Oriental Rat Snake. They can have an olive coloration and light markings, and are one of the few snakes that gets that large. They are also common in exactly that habitat.

       
  29. Cappia

    November 3, 2015 at 7:49 am

    I live in Nonthaburi, Thailand and at the back of my house is a large orchard, but rater unkempt and shrubby with shallow canals where they get water for watering the trees. Based on the description and picture, I think that what I see often in my garden are green tree vipers. How big can they get? Most of the ones I see are small and the biggest is the size of a finger.

     
    • Asian Herp Blogs

      November 3, 2015 at 9:42 pm

      There are several species of green pit vipers, and they vary a lot in size. The two species found in Bangkok are both rather small, but there are some other species in Thailand that get much larger. Sometimes juveniles are also a lot more common and easier to see than adults, so it’s possible that the ones you’ve seen in your garden so far have all been juveniles.

       
  30. siti

    March 17, 2016 at 12:23 am

    im from malaysia..i found a yellow snake with some black spots on its head and the belly was reddish white and the head was so small,what is that??

     
  31. Aviad

    August 14, 2016 at 10:43 am

    I found a snake on the tree in koh pangan.
    The haed of it looks like noiga but im not sure.
    Is it posible to sand a photo and to get help with the recognition?

     

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